Interior Terms

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Block of stone or concrete of designed dimensions used under a beam or girder to distribute the concentrated load at the end of the beam or girder over a greater area of bearing surface.

Textured finish
In this finish, ornamental patterns or textured surfaces are produced by working with various tools on the freshly applied final coat.

Through stone
A stone passing through a wall from front to back face and acting as a binder for the two faces of the wall is termed as through stone.

Tie Backs
Lengths of stiffened fabric that are fastened to the wall to hold the curtains back.

Timbering of trenches
It is also known as shoring, consists of a temporary arrangement of boardings or poling boards, wailings and struts provided to give support to the sides of trench.

Tooled surface
In this type of surface finish continuous parallel chisel marks are produced throughout the width of the stone. The parallel corrugations or chisel, arks are made at closer intervals rendering the surface truly planned.

Top Rail
The top horizontal member of a casement or sash.

Tower bolt
In this type, the bolt passes through two or three stapples attached to the base plate. The plate is screwed to inside face of door shutter and the bolt engages in a metal socket screwed to the frame.

Transmission loss
The reduction in the intensity of airborne sound that takes place during its transmission from the source to the recipient is called transmission loss.

The central horizontal member of a window Sill The horizontal member at the base of a window that forces water to run off and away from the building.

A trap is a fitting provided in a drainage to prevent entry of foul air or gases from the sewer or drain into the building.

Travel distance
The distance from the remotest point on a floor of a building to a place of safety be it a vertical exit, horizontal exit or an outside exit measured along the line of travel.

The horizontal upper part of a step on which foot is placed in ascending or descending stairway.

Trunk sewer
It is a main sewer which receives discharges from all the smaller sewers and conveys it to a sewage treatment plant or to the point of final disposal.

Trussed partitions
In places where the provision of solid support below the sill is not possible, the wooden trussed partitions have to be employed. The weight from the trussed partition walls is borne by the side walls and thus it may be constructed quite independent of the floor.

Tuck pointing
In this, the mortar is first pressed in the raked joints and there after it is finished flush with the face of the wall.

It is the most common thinner used in the preparation of an oil paint. It is a spirit obtained by distilling balsam, which is the resin or gum obtained from pine tree.

Tusk tennon joint
This type is commonly adopted in the construction of timber floors. In order to obtain maximum rigidity and strength, the tennon must be mortised in the center of the members to be tenoned.

Two pipe system
This is the traditional system of removing the discharge from sanitary fitting wherein the foul matter from W.C and urinals is discharged into one pipe (known as soil pipe) and the waste water from kitchen, bath, floor traps etc. (other than W.C and urinals) is discharged into another pipe (known as waste pipe).

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